Upgrade Apache Doris cluster deployed by Doris-Operator

This document describes how to use updates to upgrade an Apache Doris cluster based on a Doris-Operator deployment.

Similar to conventionally deployed cluster upgrades, Doris clusters deployed by Doris-Operator still require rolling upgrades from BE to FE nodes. Doris-Operator is based on Kubernetes' Performing a Rolling Update (opens in a new tab) provides rolling upgrade capabilities.

Things to note before upgrading

  • It is recommended that the upgrade operation be performed during off-peak periods.
  • During the rolling upgrade process, the connection to the closed node will fail, causing the request to fail. For this type of business, it is recommended to add retry capabilities to the client.
  • Before upgrading, you can read the General Upgrade Manual (opens in a new tab) to help you understand some principles and precautions during the upgrade. .
  • The compatibility of data and metadata cannot be verified before upgrading. Therefore, cluster upgrade must avoid single copy of data and single FE FOLLOWER node in the cluster.
  • Nodes will be restarted during the upgrade process, so unnecessary cluster balancing and replica repair logic may be triggered. Please shut it down first with the following command.
admin set frontend config("disable_balance" = "true");
admin set frontend config("disable_colocate_balance" = "true");
admin set frontend config("disable_tablet_scheduler" = "true");
  • When upgrading Doris, please follow the principle of not upgrading across two or more key node versions. If you want to upgrade across multiple key node versions, upgrade to the latest key node version first, and then upgrade in sequence. If it is a non-key node version, You can ignore skipping. For details, please refer to Upgrade Version Instructions (opens in a new tab)

Upgrade operation

The order of node types in the upgrade process is as follows. If a certain type of node does not exist, it will be skipped:

   cn/be -> fe -> broker

It is recommended to modify the image of the corresponding cluster components in sequence and then apply the configuration. After the current type of component is fully upgraded and the status returns to normal, the rolling upgrade of the next type of node can be performed.

Upgrade BE

If you retain the cluster's crd (Doris-Operator defines the abbreviation of DorisCluster type resource name) file, you can upgrade by modifying the configuration file and running the kubectl apply command.

  1. Modify spec.beSpec.image

    Change selectdb/doris.be-ubuntu:2.0.4 to selectdb/doris.be-ubuntu:2.1.0

$ vim doriscluster-sample.yaml
  1. Save the changes and apply the changes to be upgraded:
$ kubectl apply -f doriscluster-sample.yaml -n doris

It can also be modified directly through kubectl edit dcr.

  1. Check the dcr list under namespace 'doris' to obtain the cluster_name that needs to be updated.
$ kubectl get dcr -n doris
NAME                  FESTATUS    BESTATUS    CNSTATUS
doriscluster-sample   available   available
  1. Modify, save and take effect
$ kubectl edit dcr doriscluster-sample -n doris

After entering the text editor, you will find spec.beSpec.image and change selectdb/doris.be-ubuntu:2.0.4 to selectdb/doris.be-ubuntu:2.1.0

  1. View the upgrade process and results:
$ kubectl get pod -n doris

When all Pods are rebuilt and enter the Running state, the upgrade is complete.

Upgrade FE

If you retain the cluster's crd (Doris-Operator defines the abbreviation of the DorisCluster type resource name) file, you can upgrade by modifying the configuration file and running the kubectl apply command.

  1. Modify spec.feSpec.image

    Change selectdb/doris.fe-ubuntu:2.0.4 to selectdb/doris.fe-ubuntu:2.1.0

$ vim doriscluster-sample.yaml
  1. Save the changes and apply the changes to be upgraded:
$ kubectl apply -f doriscluster-sample.yaml -n doris

It can also be modified directly through kubectl edit dcr.

  1. Modify, save and take effect
$ kubectl edit dcr doriscluster-sample -n doris

After entering the text editor, you will find spec.feSpec.image and change selectdb/doris.fe-ubuntu:2.0.4 to selectdb/doris.fe-ubuntu:2.1.0

  1. View the upgrade process and results:
$ kubectl get pod -n doris

When all Pods are rebuilt and enter the Running state, the upgrade is complete.

After the upgrade is completed

Verify cluster node status

Access Doris through mysql-client through the method provided in the Access Doris Cluster (opens in a new tab) document. Use SQL such as show frontends and show backends to view the version and status of each component.

mysql> show frontends\G;
*************************** 1. row ***************************
              Name: fe_13c132aa_3281_4f4f_97e8_655d01287425
              Host: doriscluster-sample-fe-0.doriscluster-sample-fe-internal.doris.svc.cluster.local
       EditLogPort: 9010
          HttpPort: 8030
         QueryPort: 9030
           RpcPort: 9020
ArrowFlightSqlPort: -1
              Role: FOLLOWER
          IsMaster: false
         ClusterId: 1779160761
              Join: true
             Alive: true
 ReplayedJournalId: 2422
     LastStartTime: 2024-02-19 06:38:47
     LastHeartbeat: 2024-02-19 09:31:33
          IsHelper: true
            ErrMsg:
           Version: doris-2.1.0
  CurrentConnected: Yes
*************************** 2. row ***************************
              Name: fe_f1a9d008_d110_4780_8e60_13d392faa54e
              Host: doriscluster-sample-fe-2.doriscluster-sample-fe-internal.doris.svc.cluster.local
       EditLogPort: 9010
          HttpPort: 8030
         QueryPort: 9030
           RpcPort: 9020
ArrowFlightSqlPort: -1
              Role: FOLLOWER
          IsMaster: true
         ClusterId: 1779160761
              Join: true
             Alive: true
 ReplayedJournalId: 2423
     LastStartTime: 2024-02-19 06:37:35
     LastHeartbeat: 2024-02-19 09:31:33
          IsHelper: true
            ErrMsg:
           Version: doris-2.1.0
  CurrentConnected: No
*************************** 3. row ***************************
              Name: fe_e42bf9da_006f_4302_b861_770d2c955a47
              Host: doriscluster-sample-fe-1.doriscluster-sample-fe-internal.doris.svc.cluster.local
       EditLogPort: 9010
          HttpPort: 8030
         QueryPort: 9030
           RpcPort: 9020
ArrowFlightSqlPort: -1
              Role: FOLLOWER
          IsMaster: false
         ClusterId: 1779160761
              Join: true
             Alive: true
 ReplayedJournalId: 2422
     LastStartTime: 2024-02-19 06:38:17
     LastHeartbeat: 2024-02-19 09:31:33
          IsHelper: true
            ErrMsg:
           Version: doris-2.1.0
  CurrentConnected: No
3 rows in set (0.02 sec)

If the Alive status of the FE node is true and the Version value is the new version, the FE node is upgraded successfully.

mysql> show backends\G;
*************************** 1. row ***************************
              BackendId: 10002
                   Host: doriscluster-sample-be-0.doriscluster-sample-be-internal.doris.svc.cluster.local
          HeartbeatPort: 9050
                 BePort: 9060
               HttpPort: 8040
               BrpcPort: 8060
     ArrowFlightSqlPort: -1
          LastStartTime: 2024-02-19 06:37:56
          LastHeartbeat: 2024-02-19 09:32:43
                  Alive: true
   SystemDecommissioned: false
              TabletNum: 14
       DataUsedCapacity: 0.000
     TrashUsedCapcacity: 0.000
          AvailCapacity: 12.719 GB
          TotalCapacity: 295.167 GB
                UsedPct: 95.69 %
         MaxDiskUsedPct: 95.69 %
     RemoteUsedCapacity: 0.000
                    Tag: {"location" : "default"}
                 ErrMsg:
                Version: doris-2.1.0
                 Status: {"lastSuccessReportTabletsTime":"2024-02-19 09:31:48","lastStreamLoadTime":-1,"isQueryDisabled":false,"isLoadDisabled":false}
HeartbeatFailureCounter: 0
               NodeRole: mix
*************************** 2. row ***************************
              BackendId: 10003
                   Host: doriscluster-sample-be-1.doriscluster-sample-be-internal.doris.svc.cluster.local
          HeartbeatPort: 9050
                 BePort: 9060
               HttpPort: 8040
               BrpcPort: 8060
     ArrowFlightSqlPort: -1
          LastStartTime: 2024-02-19 06:37:35
          LastHeartbeat: 2024-02-19 09:32:43
                  Alive: true
   SystemDecommissioned: false
              TabletNum: 8
       DataUsedCapacity: 0.000
     TrashUsedCapcacity: 0.000
          AvailCapacity: 12.719 GB
          TotalCapacity: 295.167 GB
                UsedPct: 95.69 %
         MaxDiskUsedPct: 95.69 %
     RemoteUsedCapacity: 0.000
                    Tag: {"location" : "default"}
                 ErrMsg:
                Version: doris-2.1.0
                 Status: {"lastSuccessReportTabletsTime":"2024-02-19 09:31:43","lastStreamLoadTime":-1,"isQueryDisabled":false,"isLoadDisabled":false}
HeartbeatFailureCounter: 0
               NodeRole: mix
*************************** 3. row ***************************
              BackendId: 11024
                   Host: doriscluster-sample-be-2.doriscluster-sample-be-internal.doris.svc.cluster.local
          HeartbeatPort: 9050
                 BePort: 9060
               HttpPort: 8040
               BrpcPort: 8060
     ArrowFlightSqlPort: -1
          LastStartTime: 2024-02-19 08:50:36
          LastHeartbeat: 2024-02-19 09:32:43
                  Alive: true
   SystemDecommissioned: false
              TabletNum: 0
       DataUsedCapacity: 0.000
     TrashUsedCapcacity: 0.000
          AvailCapacity: 12.719 GB
          TotalCapacity: 295.167 GB
                UsedPct: 95.69 %
         MaxDiskUsedPct: 95.69 %
     RemoteUsedCapacity: 0.000
                    Tag: {"location" : "default"}
                 ErrMsg:
                Version: doris-2.1.0
                 Status: {"lastSuccessReportTabletsTime":"2024-02-19 09:32:04","lastStreamLoadTime":-1,"isQueryDisabled":false,"isLoadDisabled":false}
HeartbeatFailureCounter: 0
               NodeRole: mix
3 rows in set (0.01 sec)

If the Alive status of the BE node is true and the Version value is the new version, the BE node is upgraded successfully.

Restore cluster replica synchronization and balancing

After confirming that the status of each node is correct, execute the following SQL to restore cluster balancing and replica repair:

admin set frontend config("disable_balance" = "false");
admin set frontend config("disable_colocate_balance" = "false");
admin set frontend config("disable_tablet_scheduler" = "false");